Chitwan National Park is the most popular destination for tourists wanting to have a good experience of the region's wildlife. It was declared a National Park in 1973. In 1984, UNESCO designated it as a Natural World Heritage Site. The Park offers protection to 50 species of mammals including the one-horned rhinoceros, Bengal tiger, leopard, sloth bear, wild elephant, striped hyena, Gangetic dolphin and wild bison. There are an estimated 50 species of mammals, over 526 species of birds, 126 species of fish, 150 species of butterflies and 49 species of reptiles in the park! A recent study also points out that over a third of Nepal's tigers are in Chitwan.
The Park is spread over an area of 932 sq km and located in the lowlands of the country. The forest cover is predominantly Sal, interspersed with tall grasslands, small bills, ox- bow lakes and flood plains.
The best time to visit Chitwan National Park is from October through February, when the temperature averages 25 degrees Celsius. The months of March - June can be extremely hot, while July- September is the monsoon season when rivers swell and parts of the park are inaccessible.
Best time: The best time to visit Chitwan is from October through February, when the temperature averages 25 degrees Celsius. The months of March, April and June can be extremely hot, while July- September is the mon-soon season when rivers swell and parts of the park are inaccessible.
RNAC has daily flights from Kathmandu to Meghauli ($72 each way), and flights to Bharatpur ($61) each way. If you want to stay at Sauraha, the budget accommodation place for Chitwan, get to Tadi Bazaar, located 15 km east of Narayanghat on the Mahendra Highway. Royal Chitwan National Park is easily accessible by road from Kathmandu, connected as it is by a national highway from Bharatpur to Sauraha.
The other exciting way to get to Chitwan is to take a 2-3 day rafting trip down the Trishuli River to Narayanghat, or directly into the western edge of the park.
There are plenty of jungle lodges and hotels in the around Chitwan. The lodges in the park are expensive. For budget accommodation, look around Sauraha and take your pick of a range of good lodges.
This is the closest Park in distance from the capital city Kathmandu. It takes approximately 5 hours by overland drive or 20 minutes flight.
Chitwan has a tropical monsoon climate with high humidity throughout the year In winter (December, January, February) the temperature falls down to 2 degree to 3 degree Celsius at night therefore warm clothes are essential. However, surprisingly sunny days are warm ranging from 15 degree to 20 degree Celsius. Duny summer, sunhat, sun glasses, sunscreen, lotion, insect repellents, raining season July, August and September raincoat is a must. Binoculars and some reference books on chitwan's flora and fauna will be an advantage.